ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON


ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON
ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON (c. 1400), Oriental biblical exegete, possibly from Yemen. His commentary on the Bible is written in Arabic, but contains some Hebrew excerpts. He makes use of very early midrashic sources, some otherwise unknown, quotes "Simeon b. Yoḥai in the Zohar," and draws upon authorities who preceded him, primarily Saadiah Gaon, Jonah ibn Janaḥ, Nathan b. Jehiel, Tanhum b. Joseph Yerushalmi, and David Kimḥi. In his commentary, Abraham draws linguistic parallels between Arabic, Aramaic, and Hebrew, and includes details of the life of Jews and Arabs in the Orient. Parts of his commentary, known as Midrash Alẓi'ani, written about 1422, are extant in various Yemenite manuscripts in Jerusalem, Oxford, and London. The British Museum manuscript, copied in 1513, contains his commentary on the Early Prophets, while a Bodleian manuscript, comprising three volumes, includes that on the Early Prophets, Jeremiah, and Ezekiel. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: M. Steinschneider, in: HB, 19 (1879), 131–6; 20 (1880), 7–12, 39–40, 61–65; Steinschneider, Arab Lit, 248; G. Karpeles, Geschichte der juedischen Literatur, 2 (1886), 771; J. Ratzaby, in: KS, 28 (1952/53), 267; S. Greidi, in: KS, 33 (1957/58), 112. (Yehoshua Horowitz)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON OF TORRUTIEL — (b. 1482), chronicler. Born in Spain, after the Expulsion of 1492 he was brought to Fez by his 70 year old father, Solomon of Torrutiel, an expert in Talmud and a pupil of R. Isaac Canpanton . In Fez he participated actively in the life of the… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON OF SAINT MAXIMIN — (15th century), French physician. César Nostradamus praises Abraham as a scholar, philosopher, and physician of Provence (Histoire et Chronologie de Provence (1624), 618). It was probably Abraham and other Jewish physicians who drew the attention …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham ben Solomon Treves — (Ẓarfati) (Hebrew: אברהם בן שלמה טריויש) was a scholar of the 16th century. He emigrated from Italy to Turkey, where he officiated as rabbi of German and Portuguese congregations in Adrianople and various other cities. He favored the Sephardic… …   Wikipedia

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  • LEVY-BACRAT, ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON — (late 15th–16th century), poet of Spanish origin. Bacrat took refuge in North Africa in 1492. In his native town of Malaga he had been a disciple of Judah Gabbai, to whom he dedicated several poems. At first he settled in tlemcen , together with… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • RAGOLER, ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON — (18th century), Lithuanian rabbi and preacher, brother of elijah b. solomon Zalman Gaon of Vilna. Abraham was born in Vilna, but because of the controversy between Ḥasidim and Mitnaggedim he moved to Ragola and was thereafter called Abraham of… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • CONAT, ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON — (15th century), Italian physician and one of the earliest printers of Hebrew books. Conat was probably of Ashkenazi origin. He lived in Mantua, where he may have been active as early as 1475. In 1476 he printed Jacob b. Asher s Tur Oraḥ Ḥayyim… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • ALEGRE, ABRAHAM BEN SOLOMON — (1560–1652), rabbi and scholar of Constantinople …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Abraham ben Salomo von Torrutiel — (* 1482; † im 16. Jahrhundert) war ein nordafrikanisch jüdischer Geschichtsschreiber spanischer Herkunft. Anlässlich der Vertreibung der Juden aus Spanien 1492 kam er als zehnjähriger mit seiner Familie nach Fès (heute Marokko). Um 1510 schrieb… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • ABRAHAM BEN DAVID OF POSQUIÈRES — (known as Rabad, i.e., Rabbi Abraham Ben David; c. 1125–1198); talmudic authority in Provence. Abraham was born in Narbonne, and died in Posquières, a small city near Nîmes famous for the yeshivah he established there. He lived during a… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism


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